Fires of Prometheus


Ruined mine engine house, Wales


Such is my passionate interest in the rusty, crumbling relics of the last couple of hundred years of industrial activity, that I have been known to mystify people by recording video of abandoned railway tracks that, for obvious reasons, were not moving, and indeed have never moved. Why?

There are many aspects of industrial archaeology that I find fascinating:

The archaeology of yesterday

Firstly, as we are still living the "industrial revolution" (although some people claim we are still in the Iron Age), industrial archaeology is the archaeology of us...not of long-dead civilisations or cultures that spoke different and often dead languages and are separated from us by centuries, if not millenia. Many of us have grandparents and parents who worked in industrial environments that are now history, and our contemporaries have seen whole industries that had employed them for decades if not generations, consigned to the past and bulldozed. So some industrial archaeology is recorded directly from oral sources. I also like discovering bits of cheap pottery that is only once removed from that which graces my own table. Industrial archaeology is about yesterday, not the distant past.

Secondly it is also not messed up by being associated with what is popularly known as "treasure", the stuff that causes many to ask, on meeting field archaeologists: "Have you found anything valuable?" Of course there is much in industrial archaeology (as there is in archaeology) that is incredibly valuable, and much to treasure, but not in a monetary sense.

Thirdly, even though this is archaeology of the historical period, basically the last 500 years or so, and many industrial sites include extant material remains, the puzzles and mysteries it presents the researcher and explorer are just as complex as sites that have been buried for thousands of years.

The archaeology of seeing

Fourthly, part of the interest of industrial archaeology, for me, involves mentally (and sometimes physically) reconstructing a past that includes exciting and dramatic features. Industry leaves its mark on the landscape in both dramatic and subtle ways. Cockfield Fell, for example, in County Durham, is a three-dimensional map of the scars left by mining and other activities. So is the southeast corner of Murcia, Spain. But people tend to miss the more obscure marks left on the entire landscape of what for example is now the green rural north but what was a vast industrial landscape only a century ago. Much of industrial archaeology is about the art of seeing, a thrill it shares with photography, another of my enthusiasms. I like the fact that industrial archaeology is about details, rather than vast monuments.

Fifthly, industrial archaeology is still accessible to the amateur. Anyone can get involved in it, in practical ways, and make significant discoveries by research in the field or beyond. Whereas modern field archaeology has become the jealously-guarded preserve of professionals, companies and consultants who are forced to obey the laws of the biggest result for the least expenditure I, meanwhile, am able to explore industrial landscapes and remains pretty well unhindered other than by concerns of safety and private property. Indeed I can get satisfyingly muddy or oily, volunteering to restore a waterway or a railway line.

Doing something different

And finally there is that tremendous satisfaction of doing something out of the ordinary, something of which others perhaps can't see the attraction, something that might uncover surprises.Yes, I guess that I often get lumped together with train-spotters and other recorders of the mundane. But it is worth it when I discover a granite rail plate buried in the grass, or a mine tramway rail rusting in a Canadian river.

One of my running training routes east of Cross Gates, Leeds, passes not only the site of the huge WW1 shell filling factory at Barnbow, but also at least half a dozen coal mine sites, some indicated by spoil heaps or railway embankments, but the others now invisible. And that's not to mention the line of a Roman road and "Grim's Ditch", a linear earthwork that was extant in the Roman period.

Potsherds from ploughsoil near Barnbow shell filling factory
Potsherds from ploughsoil just north of Barnbow WW1 shell filling factory. Note: the site of the factory is a protected ancient monument.


I well remember visiting the Beamish Museum in County Durham and wandering into a row of tiny pit cottages that have been moved and rebuilt there, to discover an old lady who had once lived in one of those very cottages, transported by delight and happily reminiscing about what once had been her home. What a strange feeling it must have been for her, to be in her old house, but looking out of the windows over a completely different scene. And what an thrill for me, to be standing next to living and breathing history!

Old Thames barges in Milton Creek, Kent
Old Thames barges in Milton Creek, Sittingbourne, Kent.

Updated 8th August 2022

Industrial Archaeology Miscellany

Random collections of images I've captured in my wanderings around sites of past industry. Note: These albums are over 10 years old, and I am going to replace them with updated versions...soon!

| Album 1 |
| Album 3 |

A path along the top of a long-disused railway embankment lined with trees.
One of my running routes: The embankment of the short-lived branch to the West Yorkshire Pit, Austhorpe, Leeds.

Industrial archaeology images

Wagons at Leeds Industrial Museum
I carried out a review of the museum's collection of more than 50 railway wagons
Volunteering at Nottingham Industrial Museum
Lots of lace machines
Restoring a Welsh canal
Since 2008 I've been volunteering with the Waterway Recovery Group
Rusty Rails
I am passionate about the traces of abandoned railways
Atlas Mine, Alberta, Canada
A first visit to the preserved coal tipple in Alberta's badlands.
Atlas Mine, Alberta, Canada
A 2019 visit to this fascinating site, with lots of wagons!
Midland Mine, Alberta, Canada
Traces of mining amongst the hoodoos
Hedley Mine, British Columbia, Canada
A visit to a spectacular mining heritage resource
Llanberis slate
A wander amongst the mountains of waste from Welsh slate mining
La Union mining landscape
A fantasic, almost eerie, area of Murcia, Spain
The Ripley Branch
Following a closed railway in Derbyshire, most of which has since vanished.
The High Peak and Tissington Trails
Riding along what were once railway lines.
Ironbridge 1
First of two wanderings around this area of important industrial heritage
Ironbridge 2
A second photo essay on this area of important industrial heritage
Faded Paint
A brief look at "ghost signs in the UK and Canada
Blaenavon Iron Works
A visit to a historic Welsh iron works


I love small-town museums, which often contain gems of industrial history. But I also enjoy their larger brethren!

Midway Museum
A museum in what was once a railway station
The old town of Molson, Washington
Fort Steele